Elder Abuse: What to Look For

elder abuse - personal injury

At Tim Louis Law, we understand what an overwhelming time this can be and will fight on your behalf to ensure that you receive
the compensation you deserve for your injuries.

Elder Abuse: What to Look For | Personal Injury

According to the Government of Canada, 1 in 5 Canadians believes they know of a senior who may be experiencing some form of abuse and personal injury. Seniors of all ages, religions, races, cultures and ethnic backgrounds are prone to elder abuse, which occurs more often than people realize.

Abuse can happen to anyone, in any family or relationship. Discovering that a loved one has suffered from a personal injury due to the negligence of a care provider can be a troubling, stressful realization. We understand your frustration and are here to answer any questions you have. An experienced and compassionate Lawyer can provide you with the advice you seek concerning legal action during this unsettling time. Below we have compiled basic information about the different types of elder abuse, and the best course of action moving forward.

Types of Elder Abuse

Elder abuse can take many forms and is not limited to hitting, striking, shaking, or beating. For instance, a caregiver can be found liable if they refuse to serve a patient breakfast simply because they were displeased with their patient. It is also considered abuse when the individual is emotionally or psychologically abused through the use of degradation, threats, or manipulation. Elder abuse can exist as a single injury-inducing event, or as a pattern of bad conduct.

Physical Abuse

Physical abuse is any type of abuse that causes injury or discomfort (this includes sexual assault). Signs of physical abuse may include but are not limited to:

  • Unexplained bruises, cuts, burns, or bites
  • Untreated medical issues
  • A continuous number of ‘accidents’
  • Signs of dehydration

Psychological Abuse

Psychological or emotional abuse involves a caretaker who systematically and maliciously manipulates a patient causing emotional anguish, fear, and or dignity. Signs of psychological abuse may include:

  • Depression, fear, anxiety, withdrawal
  • Unwillingness to open up and discuss the issue
  • Fear of interacting with the caregiver
  • The caregiver speaks for the victim and takes control of conversations and the victim’s life (invading privacy).


The caregiver fails to provide the basic essential personal care needs of the person.
Examples include water, food, medication, clothing, mobility aids, hygiene, social contact eyeglasses, neglect, and exercise.”

Active Neglect:

  • The deliberate failure of the caregiver to fulfil their caregiving responsibilities.
  • The unintentional failure of the caregiver to fulfil their caregiving responsibilities.

Signs of neglect may include:

  • Unkempt appearance, dirty clothing, and or signs of irregular bathing.
  • Unhealthy, dangerous, or chaotic living conditions.
  • Signs of bedsores, skin issues, bruises, wounds, or any other medical issue.

Financial Abuse

Financial abuse is the exploitation or theft of someone’s money, assets, or property. It can also include fraud, forgery, abuse of Power of Attorney, or access to the person’s bank account. Signs of financial abuse may include:

  • Forgeries on legal documents or cheques
  • Large bank withdrawals or transfers between accounts
  • Unusual activity in bank accounts
  • Unpaid bills or cancellation/eviction notices
  • Missing belongings and or property

Institutional Abuse

Institutional abuse involves the neglect and poor care practice within an institution or any other specific care setting such as in a hospital, care home, or residence. Signs of institutional abuse may include:

  • Financial abuse
  • Inappropriate use of power or control
  • Lack of possessions
  • No social contact
  • Poor hygiene or lack of
  • Unhealthy and or dangerous living conditions
  • Physical or verbal abuse
  • No flexibility in schedule/lack of choice
  • Lack of medical attention

Responding to Abuse and Neglect

If you suspect an elderly individual is in immediate danger, the best course of action is to contact the police by calling 911.

Compensation for Injuries

If you or a loved one has suffered from a personal injury at the hands of a caretaker in Metro-Vancouver, or to find out if you have grounds to sue an elderly provider, it is best to contact an experienced, compassionate personal injury lawyer who will advise you on the steps necessary to take action. At Tim Louis Law, we understand what an overwhelming time this can be and will fight on your behalf to ensure that you receive
the compensation you deserve for your injuries. For a free, no-obligation consultation, contact us by calling 604-732-7678 or email us at timlouis@timlouislaw.com.


https://www2.gov.bc.ca/gov/content/family-social-supports/seniors/health- safety/protection-from-elder-abuse-and-neglect
https://www.canada.ca/en/employment-social-development/campaigns/elder- abuse/reality.html#b

Slip and Fall Injuries in British Columbia

Slip and Fall

Slip and Fall Injuries in British Columbia

Many people in British Columbia are injured every year due to slip and fall accidents. These types of injuries can occur in almost any location, whether it is from a wet floor at a grocery store, or an uneven sidewalk. Injuries can also result from accidents due to snow, ice, liquid, or any other hidden hazards.

Slip and fall claims in BC are governed by the Occupier’s Liability Act. To be successful in a slip and fall claim, one must prove that the occupier was negligent to some extent. Note that an occupier’s duty of care does not require the occupier to remove every possibility of danger. The test is one of reasonableness, not perfection.

The Difference Between ‘Premises’ and ‘Property’

  • ‘Property’ refers to the entire land, building(s), equipment, or structure(s) owned by the landowner
  • ‘Premises’ refers to only the portion or components of the property that are subject to the lease.

What to Do Immediately After a Fall

Immediately after a fall, it is common to feel a sense of embarrassment. This is completely normal and to be expected. As human beings we are used to being in control of our bodies — a sudden, unexpected fall in public can make one feel self-conscious.

It is important however not to minimize your experience at the scene of a fall. If you are unable to move and require medical attention, stay where you are and request help at the scene. When you leave the scene, immediately seek medical treatment at a hospital or medical clinic. It is important to know that your actions — whether it is what you say, or what you do in the aftermath of a slip and fall, may influence the outcome of your claim especially when involving complex issues relating to liability.

We highly suggest that you contact a slip and fall personal injury lawyer at the earliest stage possible.

Slip and Fall Danger

What to Do in the Days or Weeks After a Slip and Fall

As the days or weeks pass after the initial slip and fall accident, there is a high probability that you may be contacted by the occupier or by their insurers. It may seem that they are reaching out to assist you, but this is not always true.

If you are the victim of a slip and fall accident, you should contact your lawyer before communicating to avoid saying anything that could hurt your claim. It is also important to seek appropriate medical attention from a trusted physician to ensure you are thoroughly examined.

Making a Slip and Fall Claim

To prove that the occupier or owner of the premises is liable for your slip and fall injury, you must be able to prove that they failed to keep their premises in a reasonably safe condition. Evidence is necessary to prove this, so if you have been involved in a slip and fall accident, we suggest that you follow these steps:

  • Take photos of the scene of an accident
  • Collect contact details of any witnesses
  • Report the slip and fall accident to the owner or occupier of the premises
  • Take photos of and keep whatever footwear you were wearing at the time
  • Make an appointment to visit a physician

Be Aware of Strict Time Limits

  • Every province in Canada has a statute of limitations; limiting the amount of time an individual has to start a personal injury lawsuit. In British Columbia, you have up to 2 years from the date of injury to file a lawsuit.
  • If you have been injured resulting from a slip and fall belonging to the City of Vancouver or other municipalities in British Columbia, written notice must be submitted within 60 days from the date of injury. If you do not give notice within the specified time frame, you may lose your ability to receive compensation for your slip and fall injuries.

Contact a Trusted Slip & Fall Personal Injury Lawyer

We advise that you contact a Vancouver personal injury lawyer who specializes in slip and fall claims. A lawyer will be able to assess your case, ensure your rights are fully protected, and advise whether or not you are eligible to receive compensation. For more information or to set up a free consultation with Tim Louis & his compassionate, trusted team of experts, call 604-732-7678 or email timlouis@timlouislaw.com

Source: Occupier’s Liability Act:

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Experiencing a traumatic event can have a lasting effect — both physically and psychologically. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder can remain with you for months, years or even indefinitely if the initial trauma is significant enough. This is why post-traumatic stress disorder is a common condition affecting the mental health of so many people — specifically those who have sustained a personal injury through workplace or traffic-related incidents.

What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder?

post traumatic stress disorderThe Mayo Clinic defines post-traumatic stress disorder as a condition triggered by an extremely horrific experience -– whether a person is directly involved in the event itself, or just an outside observer.

Although popular media and literature commonly associates PTSD with trauma resulting from active military combat, exposure to a natural disaster or violent physical assault, the simple fact is PTSD can be brought on by any trauma that is severe enough to affect the individual on a deep psychological level. This can include trauma and/or personal injuries sustained through workplace injuries, traffic accidents, or many other common traumatic events.

Symptoms of PTSD

Post Traumatic Stress DisorderWhen someone is injured during a traumatic event, they may have more than physical injuries to contend with. They may find themselves feeling anxious or extremely keyed up (also known as hyper-arousal) or on edge.

So, how do can someone know if they have PTSD? Many common signs of PTSD can include:

Avoiding Reminders of the Traumatic Event

Avoiding locations associated with the trauma, such as a frequently used intersection – or even previously common activities such as driving or riding in a vehicle.

Fear and Sensations of Helplessness

When you are in an accident, it makes you feel immensely helpless and at the mercy of outside forces beyond your control. People who suffer from PTSD often suffer rapid onset of extreme fear or feelings of helplessness that can become a real barrier to their day-to-day life.

Physical Symptoms

Dealing with many of the psychological aspects of trauma can also have a direct physical effect on those dealing with PTSD – such as rapid heartbeat, difficulty breathing, chills, sweating and other physical symptoms. Uncontrollable Thoughts Constant anxiety and fear can lead those who have experienced trauma to have thoughts that simply won’t go away. These negative thoughts can be overwhelming; often needing medical assistance or long-term therapy.

Difficulty Concentrating or Sleeping

insomnia ptsdAn individual dealing with PTSD-related symptoms can often find themselves suffering from exhaustion and will commonly have problems maintaining a regular sleep schedule.

This can become a repetitive and draining cycle as time goes on — often leaving those suffering from these symptoms with little energy and focus during their day-to-day lives.

These and many other PTSD related symptoms may arise in victims of trauma. If you’ve been involved in an accident and think you may have PTSD, it is in your best interest to contact a medical professional as soon as possible.

PTSD Treatment

Post-traumatic stress disorder is a severe condition that requires immediate and careful attention. PTSD may be treated successfully even after time has passed after the traumatic event, which means it is never too late to seek professional help. Your doctor will often conduct an initial assessment, followed by a referral to a licensed specialist who can work with you to create a short to long-term treatment plan.

Hurt in an Accident? Living with PTSD? Tim Louis Law Can Help.

If you or a loved one has symptoms of PTSD, contact our compassionate and experienced legal team at Tim Louis Law & Associates. We will help build your claim for the compensation you deserve. To book your free consultation, call 604-732-7678 or email timlouis@timlouislaw.com. We’re here to help.

source: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/post-traumatic-stress-disorder/symptoms-causes/syc-20355967

MEDICAL EXPENSES: Can Renovations Be Claimed?

In a September 13, 2013 Tax Court of Canada case, the taxpayer’s claim for amounts paid to install engineered hardwood flooring as a medical expense was denied by CRA. The engineered hardwood replaced fairly new carpet in the taxpayer’s five year old home on the advice that her husband, who suffers from progressively debilitating Parkinson’s disease and psoriatic arthritis, was at serious risk of a fall due to the carpet.

There was no dispute that the new flooring would enable the Appellant’s husband to be more mobile and functional within the dwelling. However, in order to claim a medical expense, the law also requires that the expense:

i. not typically be expected to increase the value of the dwelling; and

ii. not normally be incurred by persons who have normal physical development or who do not have a severe and prolonged mobility impairment.

CRA argued that the engineered hardwood flooring had to be excluded under both requirements.

Taxpayer wins

The Court was satisfied with the evidence that modestly priced engineered hardwood flooring, as opposed to solid hardwood flooring, would not typically increase the value of the property, especially when replacing fairly new, quality carpet in only a portion of the home. The Court further concluded that the taxpayer “only put in what was necessary” and that this expense would not normally have been incurred in the absence of the medical need. As such, the expense was allowed.

Large medical expenses are routinely reviewed by CRA. Contact us before incurring significant costs to determine if they may qualify as a medical expense.

Finding the Right Personal Injury Lawyer for you

The phone book is the last place to look if you are trying to find a Vancouver personal injury lawyer. Yellow page ad size is more an indicator of the lawyer’s advertising budget than it is the lawyer’s skill set or his/her fit with you and your expectations.

Interviewing a Personal Injury Lawyer

meeting a vancouver personal injury lawyerThe best way to make certain you hire a personal injury lawyer you have confidence in and feel comfortable with is to take the time to meet with and interview your potential lawyer. Some of the factors you may wish to consider when interviewing different lawyers are:

  • how comfortable was the lawyer in answering your questions?
  • how interested was the lawyer in your individual case?
  • how accessible the lawyer will be to you – while you will be working with her/his support staff to some degree, will you also be working with the lawyer directly?
  • will the lawyer be keeping you up to date at every step of the lawsuit, and if so, how?

Consider word of mouth and referrals

The best way to make sure that you hire a personal injury lawyer who will have success with your case is word of mouth. If you don’t know someone [e.g. Friend, neighbor, co-worker etc.] who can refer you to a lawyer with whom they’ve had a successful experience, then ask the lawyer you’re interviewing if she/he can refer you to satisfied clients that you may contact.

The support staff of a personal injury lawyer is important

Although the personal injury lawyer you are interviewing will be the person responsible for the overall management of your case, her/his support staff will be the individuals you deal with most of the time – no matter how accessible the lawyer. Keep this in mind when you set up and attend at the lawyer interview appointment. How are you dealt with over the phone? How are you greeted in the office? What is your first impression of the office as a whole and the support staff you come in contact with – however briefly? First impressions count!

Remember, yellow pages no – interview yes! Call an experienced Vancouver personal injury lawyer at Tim Louis and Company Law today to setup your interview with us.

Asked & Answered: 20 Questions with TLABC member Tim Louis

From the Verdict Magazine: Winter 2013.

Name: Tim Louis
Law Firm & Location: Tim Louis & Company, Vancouver
TLABC Member Since: 1986
Post-Secondary Degree(s) and Institution(s): LLB, UBC 1983
Year of Call in BC: 1984
Areas of Practice: Civil Litigation: Long-Term Disability, Personal Injury

1. the Verdict: What is your concept of justice?

Tim: I have decided this question is best answered by considering the term justice in the context of the phrase ‘a just society.’ Justice means a society in which wealth is distributed much more equally and evenly than it is today. All the empirical data tell us that as we reduce poverty levels and wealth inequality, we do more to reduce crime levels than any ‘get tough on crime’ program will ever accomplish. Reducing wealth inequality also has a greater positive impact on health outcomes than increasing our health care budget will ever have. That is my definition of justice.

2. What led you to choose law as your profession?

A law degree would give me one more tool to help bring about social and political change. The practice of law would give me many opportunities to address social injustice on a case-by-case basis.

3. What is as important to you now as it was 28 years ago, when you were starting your career as a lawyer?

Providing legal services and access to the court system for individuals who would not otherwise have representation.

4. Being asked to represent someone in a legal matter can be a great honour, as well as a great responsibility. When given this opportunity and obligation, what should a lawyer strive to do upon meeting a client for the first time?

Most of my clients have very little if any understanding of the journey they are about to embark on.

  • I take the time to describe the key steps in a lawsuit, in plain language. I also let them know how long this journey is likely to take.
  • I explain that in my practice, the lawyer-client relationship is a partnership of equals. This means that the client will always be as well informed about their file or case as I am.
  • Finally, I pass on one of the best pieces of advice I was given by my mentor, the late Harry Rankin QC, who said: “We have a legal system, not a justice system.” The law is an imperfect tool that can help to right a wrong, but it doesn’t necessarily guarantee that my client will ever be put back in the position they were in beforehand.

I also strongly believe a lawyer should be easily accessible to the client throughout the life of the client’s file. At the very first meeting, I make sure my clients know they should always feel free to contact me and that I always return phone messages within one day – unless I’m in court, in which case one of my support staff will phone them within one day.

5. How does your approach to work differ today from your approach in yesteryear?

My approach today is very much the same as my approach was when I opened my law practice in 1984. If we make ourselves available and accessible as part of our practice, we can not only act on behalf of clients who have retained us, but also assist many other individuals with practical summary advice. A large part of my day is taken up assisting individuals by providing them with pro bono summary advice over the phone and in person.

6. What are some of the most difficult aspects of your workweek, with respect to logistics (e.g. time management, commuting, scheduling)?

Technology has fundamentally changed the way we practice law. It has eliminated, or significantly reduced, many of the difficult logistical aspects of my workweek. Here are two examples:

I rely on Amicus Attorney to keep me organized. I begin each day by working through my Amicus to do list. One of my favourite features in Amicus is its ability to automatically schedule all the key dates prior to a trial at the time the trial date is scheduled. No more last-minute panics getting and serving expert reports before the service date expires!

The internet has made commuting much less of a problem than it ever was. I work from home as I wish – with my support staff in real time over the Internet.

7. What are among the most challenging aspects of practicing in the areas you practice in regularly?

Post-trial cost consequences give an unfair advantage to corporate defendants, such as insurance companies. This makes it very easy for a corporate defendant to take an unreasonable position in negotiations, putting pressure on plaintiffs who will never have the deep pockets corporate defendants do. Too often this pressure forces plaintiffs with good cases to accept poor offers.

8. What are among the most rewarding aspects of your career, and – to date – what are some of your favourite career moments or milestones?

Providing legal representation to individuals who would otherwise go unrepresented is one of the most rewarding aspects of my practice.

Many years ago, I acted for a single mother who had been terminated from her employment as a financial-aid worker by her employer, the Ministry of Social Services and Housing. Her union had sat on her file for two years, forcing my client to exhaust her employment insurance benefits and to apply for welfare. She was covered by a collective bargaining agreement that exclusively prohibited anybody other than the union from representing her on disputes with her employer. I persuaded the union to hire me for a dollar a year. I succeeded in getting her a large financial settlement.

One other case that I remember vividly is a single mother on welfare whose young children had been apprehended by the ministry. It was alleged that she had a condition called Munchausen by proxy – a relatively rare form of child abuse that involves the exaggeration or fabrication of illnesses or symptoms by a primary caretaker – in this case, the mother I was representing. I was successful in taking the ministry to court, obtaining an order that the children be returned to my client. But, the real victory came after this. With the strength of the court victory, I was able to convince the ministry to address the root cause of the mom’s fixation on her children – not enough money to even rarely get out of her home. The ministry agreed to provide her with a monthly swim pass and a bus pass. Many years later, a young man came up to me at a social event and introduced himself as one of the young children, now grown. He let me know how the bus and swim passes had changed his mother’s life, bringing an end to her unhealthy fixation and allowing her to be the mother she wanted to be.

As lawyers, we should always be mindful of the fact that it is not just court victories that can change our clients’ lives for the better, and we should not hesitate to use our ability to advocate in non-court realms.

9. Which aspects of life in the legal profession did law school not prepare you for in a practical way?

Tim Relaxing on his back porchLaw school does a good job of teaching us analytical thinking and where to find information. It teaches us the theory of law. It does an abysmal job of teaching how to practice law in the real world. It does not teach us how to manage client expectations or how to deal with difficult clients. It does not teach us how to provide practical advice. There are no human resources (courses) in law school that equip us with the skill set to be an effective employer who empowers staff, the people who are the foundation of a successful law practice.

10. Had you not pursued a career in law, which careers do you believe would have been most suitable for Tim Louis’ thoughts and talents?

Before and during law school, my passion was community activism. In my first year at Langara College, I helped co-found the BC Coalition of People with Disabilities. During law school, I helped co-found the Public Interest Advocacy Centre. I also spearheaded what we now call HandiDart – a door-to-door bus service for people with physical disabilities.

If I hadn’t pursued a career in law, I would have looked for jobs that let me continue with my passion – community activism around social issues. One of the things I like most about having my own law practice is that it allows me to do exactly this and make a living at the same time. I am very fortunate to have found a career that lets me merge my passion for justice with my need to earn an income.

11. Disability law is one of your specialities, and your reputation is rock solid. Looking back through the years, what do you regard as some of the most important or significant ways that things have changed for people living with disabilities?

I am most familiar with mobility disabilities.

Transportation has improved enormously. When I was in my first year of law school, the public bus system had no lift-equipped vehicles. HandiDart, a door-to-door custom transit service, did not exist and individuals who were not able to use public transit had to rely on charity based and inadequate services. I still remember hitchhiking in my wheelchair to job interviews for summer employment between years at college. Today, most of the province’s public transit buses are lift-equipped and HandiDart is a government-funded service with a multi-million-dollar budget.

At one point in time in British Columbia, curb cuts were the exception to the norm. Today, the situation is the complete reverse. There has been a fundamental change in options for people who require assistance with activities of daily living. Dave Barrett’s NDP government, in the early 1970s, introduced Community Care which enabled people to get assistance in their own homes, rather than being moved into an institution. In later years, a further improvement was the option of a direct funding model where the individual who needs assistance receives funding directly from the government, so they can hire the (right form of ) assistance they need when they need it.

12. You have been a member of TLABC for more than 25 years. You are also a PAC donor, which means you support our organization’s public-minded aims. What does voluntary membership in this professional association provide you with, generally or specifically?

The TLABC’s listservers level the playing field for lawyers like me who are not part of a large downtown law firm. By giving its members the ability to consult with a large and growing pool of like-minded lawyers, TLABC has created a virtual law firm that is larger than any of the downtown law firms.

In my experience, TLABC’s courses are exceptionally practical. I always leave feeling my investment of time has been a sound one.

For trial lawyers, the Verdict is a must-read publication. Of note, the Verdict’s Case Notes keep me up to date with the latest developments in the law.

13. Whether far back in history or in modern day, who are some of the lawyers and laypeople that come to mind when you think of people you admire?

Harry Rankin. He was an institution who could be at city council – wearing his city council hat until the early morning hours at a public hearing – and by 7am he’d be at work, just a few hours later, as a lawyer getting ready for his daily trial. On Saturday mornings, he would be in his office providing free legal services to anybody who appeared there. At both city council and in his practice, he always stood up for the underdog.

Che Guevara. It might surprise you, but the Che quote I’d like to give is this: “Let me say at the risk of seeming ridiculous that the true revolutionary is guided by great feelings of love.”

Beverley McLachlin. She was my first-year contracts professor in law school and I had the privilege of appearing before her on two occasions after she had been appointed to the bench. She combines a razor-sharp legal mind with a great sense of practicality.

Leonard Weinglass. He was a lawyer’s lawyer who was known for taking on radical causes. In his distinguished career, he acted for: The Chicago Seven, Daniel Ellsberg, Angela Davis and Mumia Abu-Jamal. He was the lead appellate attorney for the Cuban Five, from 2002 until his death in 2011.

14. If you could have been counsel on any case in history – in any field of law – which one would it be, and why? In addition to that, which lawyer in history would you have most liked to work with or worked against?

If I could have been counsel on any case in history, it would have been the case of the Cuban Five. During the 1990s, Cuba was the victim of numerous terrorist attacks. Five Cuban men volunteered to infiltrate anti-Cuban terrorist groups based in Florida. The information they obtained and relayed back to Cuba saved hundreds of innocent lives. This information was then turned over to the FBI by Cuba in the hope that the terrorists would be arrested. Instead, the five unarmed Cuban volunteers were arrested and put on trial for spying. They were convicted by a Miami jury and sentenced to multiple life sentences. I find this outcome such a miscarriage of justice I would have given anything to have been part of their outstanding legal team, led by the late Leonard Weinglass.

15. Which book or film featuring law as a central theme (or as a backdrop to a compelling story) would be at the top of your list of favourites?

The Paper Chase. My first-year property law professor, Professor Todd, was a carbon copy of the professor in the film. While the storyline was about the relationship of the young law student with the professor’s daughter, the movie as a whole provided a very accurate portrayal of my experience in law school (just to be perfectly clear, I did not have any affairs with the daughters of any of my professors – it’s the process of law school I’m talking about here!).

16. Which quotation or mantra do you find particularly inspirational, or perhaps even helps guide you on a day-to- day basis?

A client is not an interruption of our work; he/she is the purpose of it. We are not doing a favour by serving him/her; he/she is doing us a favour by giving us the opportunity to do so – from “What is a Client” – which is hanging in my waiting room at Tim Louis & Company.

17. If every one of your arguments was made and your law books were closed forever, where would you be living, who would be with you and what would life be like for Mr. Tim Louis? By extension, describe an ideal day in which you are living life your way.

It wouldn’t be that much different than what I am doing today. I would be living with my life partner, Penny Parry, in our home in Kitsilano, where we have lived for the last 25 years. We’re both very lucky to have a home that allows us to hold great parties, work while sitting on our south-facing porch (so we get sunshine and warmth well into the winter) and be within walking distance of local stores – which let us become car-free many years ago. The only difference might be that we would have even more time to work on social issues than we do right now.

18. At this stage of your career – with the sum and strength of your experience as a lawyer – what do you, Tim Louis, know for certain about law?

I go back to what my mentor Harry Rankin said: “We have a legal system, not a justice system.”

19. At present – with the benefit of your many life experiences to date – what do you, Tim Louis, know for certain about life?

Penny and Tim celebrating a legal victory at one of Tim's favorite restaurantsThe older I get, the more convinced I am that the world’s major problems are solvable. As a lawyer, I’ve learned the value of a form of negotiation commonly referred to as principled negotiations. I am heartened by the impact of individuals like former US President Jimmy Carter who, at the age of 88, continues to use his moral compass when speaking out on issues from the Middle East to the lack of democracy in the USA.

I am also more convinced than ever that failure is certain if we don’t try. Success, while not guaranteed, is only possible if we try.

20. – Tim to Tim – Asked & Answered
Tim’s Question to Himself:
Which names are on your dream guest-list for dinner? Tim’s reply:

Chris Hedges – my favourite journalist. He is an American

Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist and war correspondent specializing in American and Middle Eastern politics and societies.

Arundhati Roy – my favourite author. She is an ardent advocate of social and economic justice for India’s oppressed minorities. Evo Morales – my favourite politician. He is Bolivia’s first indigenous president – a humble man whose parents were subsistence farmers.

Noam Chomsky – my favourite sage. He is a living legend and one of the world’s greatest intellects.

Norman Gary Finkelstein – my favourite middle-east commentator. He is an American political scientist, activist and author.

Deepa Mehta – my favourite film director. She speaks with images and says more than words can. She is a Genie Award- winning Indian-born Canadian film director and screenwriter.

What a dinner party! It wouldn’t end until the wee hours of the morning!

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